London 2012 Olympics: An Olympic Revolution in Colombia, A Phenom
Colombia: Latin America’s Best Intelligentsia
Sadly, Colombia has one of many worst tragedies in Latin America. Colombia faces extra inner troubles than many war-torn international locations in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia. Within the Publish-Chilly Battle period, it is among the two international locations, along with Peru, within the Western Hemisphere to proceed its long-standing warfare in opposition to insurgent teams. Within the Nineteen Sixties, a civil battle broke out between the federal government and the insurgent teams, led by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). Since that decade, Colombia’s armed battle has claimed 200,000 lives and brought about greater than $15,000 million in injury inflicted. In the course of the previous half-century, Colombia was dwelling to at the least 5 insurgent teams, most of them with shut ties to drug traffickers. Over a interval of seven years, between 1984 and 1990, 4 main politicians had been killed.
Extremely, it is among the most mine-ridden international locations on Earth, together with the Kingdom of Cambodia and the Portuguese-speaking nation of Angola (Southern Africa). Within the meantime, many of the nation’s wealthy ecology has been devastated by narco-traffickers. However that is not all. Indigenous tribes have been killed or enslaved by insurgent teams within the Amazonian area. On the opposite aspect, there are over three million inner refugees, which is described by the United Nations because the “worst humanitarian disaster within the Americas”. However opposite to what it’s possible you’ll suppose, these hurdles do not have destroyed Colombia within the final many years.
In some ways, its tough historical past has impressed to many Colombians to beat wins, from literature to sports activities and music. For these and different causes, I believe that Colombia is a unprecedented and admirable nation on the Planet.
By 1982, a Colombian creator received the Nobel Prize for Literature. This wonderful land can also be birthplace of Manuel Elkin Patarroyo (my favourite Colombian), among the many world’s most outstanding scientifics, and Fernando Botero, whose work are being proven in London, Paris, New York Metropolis and different Western cities.
Other than their onerous working folks, Colombia is well-known across the globe for its performers similar to Shakira, Juanes and Carlos Vives -as properly as their magnificence queens like Luz Marina Zuluaga or Aura Maria Mojica (“probably the most lovely woman of Colombia”). Nevertheless it has different notable achievements on the worldwide stage, after all. Colombia’s repute as a warn-torn nation has been overshadowed by a profitable tourism trade with the advertising slogan “Colombia is Ardour”. Bogota, its fashionable and pleasant capital, and different cities have extra overseas guests than Peru, Bolivia, and plenty of peaceable republics from Latin America.
Actually, Colombia will not be an oil-rich nation — as Venezuela and Ecuador— but it surely has Latin America’s most interesting intelligentsia. On account of this, the nation is a significant democracy -has not had coups and countercoups for greater than half-century– on the continent because the Nineteen Fifties and has received reward from Washington for its warfare in opposition to cocaine cartels.
However now Colombia has gained reward for its Olympic revolution. Though struggling a brutal civil battle because the Nineteen Sixties, the South American republic is producing prime athletes within the twenty first Century. Due to its troubles, Colombia needs to be one of many lowest-ranked Olympic groups within the Third World, however therea are different outcomes. In follow, extremely, the battle has not been an obstacle to supply Pan American champs and Olympic medalists. Most likely, there isn’t a different Olympic squad on the Planet who can be combating with large ardour and dedication. Different notable chapter within the fashionable historical past of Colombia, after all.
Like many industrialized societies similar to America, Japan, China, Spain and Britain, sport performs a key position on Colombian soil. Regardless of being a football-loving, there’s a “large ardour” for different sports activities. Growing variety of younger athletes are coming into such sports activities triathlon, gymnastics, and taekwondo. At the least 80% of the nation’s worldwide medals got here from athletics, gymnastics, and weightlifting. Previous to twenty first century,nonetheless, Colombia was well-known overseas for producing solely footballers, cyclists, and long-distance runners-this ought to sound acquainted to some Latin American nations
Within the Golden Age of Colombian Sport
A number of Latin American republics can’t supply a lot to their athletes, athletic directors, and coaches, however Colombia has turn into an Olympic paradise in recent times. Amidst obstacles, sport seems as one in all goverment’s prime priorities.
After gaining its first Olympic gold medal on the 2000 Sydney Video games with Maria Isabel Urrutia (ladies’s weightlifting), this nation has launched into an formidable program to enhance the nation’s Olympic sport.
Previously, the Colombian administration hosted many worldwide meets, after constructing a number of athletic services in cities and cities, however they failed to supply world-class athletes. As a result of the four-hundredth anniversary of the Colombian capital,Bogota hosted the First Bolivarian Video games on the flip of the Thirties. Eight years later, by 1946, the Central American and Caribbean Video games had been held in Barranquilla. This metropolis additionally was chosen to carry the IV Bolivarian Video games within the early Nineteen Sixties. Over the subsequent decade, in July 1971, Cali was website of the Sixth Pan American Video games. A yr after internet hosting the FINA Aquatics World Championships -the main world occasion held in Latin America since 1970, Colombia received the correct to carry the Ladies’s Basketball International Cup in 1975. Three years later, Medellin was website of the Central American and Caribbean Video games. By 1982, the Males’s Basketball World Cup was held in lots of Colombian cities. Since then, these efforts to advertise sports activities had been comparatively unsuccessful. In these days, the ill-equipped group from Colombia had tough tournaments at dwelling. By 1982, for instance, the host nation was the second nation, together with Cote d’Ivoire (Western Africa), with out wins within the FIBA Championships, shedding their sixth matches; in one in all its video games, Colombia was defeated by the united states 143-76.
Yearly, on this century, the Colombian state has invested over $200 million within the Olympic challenge, placing their eyes on zones devastated by poverty, native drug traffickers, and juvenile delinquency- a front-line state within the warfare in opposition to drug trafficking. In its efforts to fight legal violence in poor neighborhoods and war-torn locations, sport is backed strongly by the federal government and different organizations. At present these warn-torn areas are dwelling of national-class athletes, from boxers and footballers to taekwondo fighters, wrestlers and long-distance runners. Actually, a few of Colombia’s athletes didn’t develop up like regular boys. Nevertheless, immediately they need to present the great aspect of Colombia with their worldwide achievements -from data to medals.
Since then, this finances permits the Colombian Olympic Committee (and different sports activities establishments) to supply the inhabitants with one in all Latin America’s greatest Olympic techniques. On the opposite aspect, bodily schooling is a obligatory in all colleges, from Barranquilla, Bucaramanga, and Cali to Cucuta and Manizales.
By 2007, the athletic contingent positioned sixth within the XV Pan American Video games in Brazil, incomes a complete of 14 gold, 21 silver, and 13 bronze medals. Right here, Colombia started to eclipse many Latin American international locations similar to Argentina, Chile, and Venezuela. Nonetheless, the story of a rustic remodeled from a warn-torn nation into an Olympic paradise occurred when the nation’s 2010 Olympian group picked up a complete of 372 medals within the South American Video games on dwelling soil, surpassing athletes from 14 international locations and dependencies. Deservedly, at dwelling, Colombia’s sportsmen and girls received 144 golds, 124 silvers, and 104 bronzes. Other than incomes regional medals, the Colombian athletes made worldwide headlines once they defeated Brazil within the medal count—Brazil is among the prime Olympian nations within the creating world and a powerhouse in soccer, judo, crusing and volleyball (indoor and seaside). Then, Colombia was the fourth greatest Olympic group in Latin America on the Pan American Video games final yr. Right here, the nations’ complete medals had been 84 — 24 gold, 25 silver, and 35 bronze.
From Basketball and Gymnastics to Waterpolo
At present, Colombia is a frontrunner in quite a few sports activities on the continent and in some fields a world chief. An important advances have been made within the following disciplines:
Basketball: The nationwide ladies’s squad, underneath Sofia Nieto’s management, positioned sixth within the 1975 Mexico Pan American Sports activities Video games by shedding to Canada 68-58. On the opposite aspect, the then USSR defeated the host Colombia 92-34 within the FIBA World Cup in the identical yr. However greater than three many years later, the nationwide aspect was one of many three medalists within the regional championships. Then, Colombia’s feminine gamers went on to signify South America on the 2011 Pan American Video games at Guadalajara (Mexico), the place they reached the semis— its greatest efficiency because the mid-Eighties when the group grew to become the sixth South American squad to realize gold within the Continental Cups. In Guadalajara, Colombia once more confronted Canada — a powerhouse in ladies’s basketball within the Americas– however this time the Colombians managed the sport 59-67. This win put Colombia in fourth place within the Pan American championship.
Biking: By 2004, on the Athens Summer time Video games, Maria Calle grew to become one the primary Latino athletes in ladies’s biking to grew to become one of many medalists within the Olympics. Seven years on, the Colombian squad received the 2011 Pan American Video games in Guadalajara (Mexico).
Gymnastics: In previous many years, Colombia’s gymnasts had been defeated by athletes from Argentina, Brazil, Peru and Venezuela within the Continental championships. Now, they’re one of many prime groups not solely within the area, however within the Western Hemisphere, along with Brazil, Canada, and the US. The Colombian gymnasts have received medals within the current Pan American Video games, gaining the correct to signify the continent on the London 2012 Video games. In Mexico, Jossimar Orlando Calvo earned gold (males’s particular person all-round) and silver ( horizontal bars), in the meantime his fellow Colombian gymnast Jorge Giraldo obtained three silvers ( creative particular person all-around, pommel horse, parallel bars). Moreover, different Colombian, Jorge Pena, received bronze within the males’s pommel horse. In ladies’s gymnastics, Catalina Escobar positioned third in vault.
Soccer: The 2012 soccer group would be the first feminine group from Colombia to attend the Summer time Olympics. Colombia’s street to changing into one of many sixteen soccer groups in London 2012 started when the nationwide contingent received a berth within the Continental championship in Ecuador following a overcome Argentina (1-0). The group was among the many prime 4 within the Pan Amertican Video games final yr. Like in most Third World international locations, soccer -or football– is a nationwide ardour on Colombian soil, adopted by baseball and boxing.
Taekwondo: Colombia has a specific curiosity within the martial arts, competing on the highest stage with the highest groups on this planet. Among the many nation’s most interesting athletes was Gladys Alicia Mora Romero, who was one of many world’s prime 5 feminine fighters within the 49-kg class within the 2004 Video games. Final yr, Doris Patiyo was runner-up within the Taekwondo Pan American Championship.
Tennis: Colombia started to make a reputation for itself within the tennis world by profitable two golds within the 2011 Pan American Video games, defeating many favorites within the first rounds and semis. The brand new Pan American champions had been Juan Sebastian Cabal and Robert Farah. In ladies’s tennis, Catalina CastaÃ±o and Mariana Duque captured bronze in doubles.
Observe-and-field: In the course of the Nineteen Seventies, 80s and 90s, Colombia was well-known within the area for its observe stars similar to Eucaris Caicedo (100m, 200m, 400m), Alvaro Mejia (marathon), Domingo Tibaduiza (5,000m & 10,000m), Jose Querubin Moreno ( 20-kilometer stroll), Victor Mora (marathon, 5,000m, 10,000m), and Ximena Restrepo (100m, 200m and 400m in addition to 4x100m relay). Within the following century, the nation is producing new prime athletes — hurdles, lengthy distance runners, lengthy jumpers, racewalkers, and sprinters. On the 2011 Athletics South American Championship, the Colombian delegation was runner, behind Brazil. That yr, Catherine Ibarguen put the Colombian flag on the sporting map as she had the excellence of being one of many few Latino athletes to beat a spot as medalist within the IAAF International Event in South Korea. Additionally, Colombia completed fifth total within the Pan American match, behind Cuba, Brazil, America, and Mexico. Right here, the nation’s delegation picked a complete of 17 medals—3 gold, 5 silver, and 9 bronze. All three gold medals had been received by feminine athletes — Jennifer Padilla (400m), Ibarguen (triple leap), and Princesa Oliveros (400m hurdles).
Volleyball: After many years of gradual decline, the ladies’s indoor aspect has turn into one of many eight most excellent squads within the Western Hemisphere within the 2010s, profitable essential matches within the worldwide meets. Its coach is a Brazilian. On the 2012 Continental Olympic Qualification on overseas soil, in a shocking upset, Colombia beat Argentina -the world’s prime ten team– earlier than shedding to Peru 3-2, in an thrilling sport throughout the semifinals. Its star Madeleine MontaÃ±o is extensively considered one of the crucial gifted athletes within the volleyball world and the highest scorer within the worldwide competitions. Colombia’s South American Cup volleyball star MontaÃ±o performs professionally in Far East.
Waterpolo: Colombia has been concerned with the game because the Nineteen Seventies when the boys’s waterpolo squad, host, got here in sixteenth (final) on the FINA Swimming World Championships. Over the subsequent years it had not good performances till Could 2007 when the nationwide squad gained the primary version of the FINA World Males’s Water Polo Growth Trophy in Kuwait (Persian Gulf). The winners had been Elkin Julian, Nelson Bejarano, Joaquin Ortiz, Sergio Correa Hernandez, John Andrade Lozano, Alex Monroy Henao, Alejandro Idarraga, Felipe Lizaraga Gomez, Jorge Montoya, German Guarnizo Rivera, Carlos Marin Orrego, Enzo Salinas, and Norman Rios.
Wrestling: There are a bunch of wrestlers (together with ladies) in Bogota, Pereira, Buenaventura and different Colombian cities. As a consequence of this, over the previous few years, Colombia has received a number of worldwide trophies, together with one Olympic medal produced by Jackeline Renteria within the 2008 Beijing Summer time Olympics. Subsequently, the nation’s wrestlers amassed a complete of seven medals ( 2 silvers and 5 bronzes) on the 2011 Pan American Sports activities Video games, properly forward of Mexico, Brazil and Argentina.
Weightlifting: The nation has turn into a world weightlifting star in a brief time period. Lifter Mabel Mosquera gained nationwide fame by profitable a bronze within the Video games of the twenty eighth Olympiad within the capital Greek in 2004-the nation’s second weightlifting medal since 2000. In males’s weightlifting, Oscar Alberto Figueroa completed fifth within the 56kg-category at Athens 2004. Seven years on, he was gold medalist within the Pan American Event. By 2007, the nation earned the ladies’s junior world championship group title, spearheaded by Leidy Yessenia Solis, within the International Cup held in Prague (Czech Republic). Then, Diego Fernando Salazar gained a silver within the Olympic Weightlifting Competitors at Beijing 2008. However these additionally wins continued all through 2011 and 2012 (Pan American Video games and Pre-Olympic tournaments). Final yr, Colombia’s squad was ranked second within the Western Hemisphere, properly forward of America and Canada.
Colombia On the Summer time Video games
This South American republic was one of many first Latin American international locations on the Olympic stage when it went to its first Olympics in California in 1932. Then, there have been nationwide delegations within the subsequent two Video games in Germany and Nice Britain. Nonetheless, the Colombian representatives didn’t return to the Summer time Video games till 1956. From that yr, Colombia has competed at every Summer time Olympics. Following its participation at Rome’60 and Tokyo’64, the athletic delegation left Bogota for Mexico Metropolis to compete within the Olympiad within the late Nineteen Sixties. On that event, the boys’s soccer aspect made its worldwide debut within the Olympian tournaments, ending ninth forward of Brazil and the previous Czechoslovakia.
After internet hosting the VI Pan American Video games in 1971, Colombia despatched a gifted squad to the Olympic Video games within the West German metropolis of Munich. The Colombian contingent arrived in Munich with greater than seventy sportsmen and girls. Within the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Helmut Bellingrodt emerged as an fascinating athletic determine following his silver medal within the 1972 Capturing Event, the nation’s first Olympian medal. By late 1972, he was Colombia’s Athlete of the Yr. Three years after being medalist in West Germany, he once more grew to become one of the crucial excellent Latino athletes in 1974 following his world file in Switzerland.
In Munich’72, the Colombian Olympic Committee additionally picked up two bronzes in boxing– Clemente Rojas (featherweight) and Alfonso Perez (light-weight). Nonetheless, two Colombian stars, runners Victor Mora and Alvaro Mejia, did not win medals within the males’s marathon. Mejia completed forty eighth, in the meantime Mora positioned 52nd. From 1966 to 1972, Mejia had received many worldwide meets, together with 4 golds within the Central American and Caribbean Video games. In group sports activities, then again, the soccer squad -made up of 19 players— once more was one of many 5 opponents from the Americas within the Olympiad -Brazil, Mexico, Guatemala and the U.S. had been the others-after qualifying to signify South America within the Video games.
In the course of the 1976 Summer time Video games, Colombia put their eyes on Bellingrodt and Jorge Jaramillo, winner of a pair of golds within the 1974 Central and Caribbean Video games within the Dominican Republic. Each athletes had good performances, however couldn’t win medals. Jaramillo -the nation’s greatest male swimmer within the twentieth Century, after Pablo Restrepo-was considered one of many prime Latino swimmers at Montreal 1976. Then again, his fellow Colombian athlete Bellingrodt was one of many six finalists within the Capturing Championships.
Colombia Did Not Boycott the Moscow 1980 Video games
By the early Eighties, Colombia was one of many few American allies that didn’t boycott the Olympics — which was urged by U.S. President Jimmy Carter– within the then USSR. On Soviet soil, Colombia’s soccer returned to the Summer time Video games, inserting tenth. Months earlier than embarking to the previous Soviet Republic of Russia, they had been runners-up to Argentina in he Pre-Olympic Cup on dwelling soil. Regardless of not having critical rivals because of worldwide boycott – amongst them Argentina, Ghana, Egypt– the nationwide squad didn’t even the semis, ending tenth within the Soccer Olympic Cup. In contrast, Pablo Restrepo, who had been bronze medalist within the males’s 200-meter breaststroke on the 1979 Pan American Video games on Puerto Rico, grew to become the primary particular person from Colombia to succeed in the finals within the Olympic Swimming Championships.
On the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics, Colombia received its first medal since 1972 when the previous world file holder Bellingrodt got here near profitable the gold within the males’s operating sport goal (taking pictures). Mr. Bellingrodt was one of many nation’s 39 representatives on U.S. soil, who competing in eight disciplines – archery (1), athletics (5), boxing (6), biking (5), taking pictures (15), swimming (1), weightlifting (5), and wrestling(1). Pablo Restrepo, one of many favorites from Latin America to win a medal, completed sixth total within the males’s 200-meter breaststroke in California.
At Seoul’88, the South American republic earned a bronze in boxing with Jorge Julio Rocha. Within the meantime, Ximena Restrepo appeared as a sprinter within the ladies’s 200m (track-and-field), ending in thirty fourth place in South Korea. Subsequently, at Barcelona’92, Restrepo grew to become the primary feminine in South America to earn an Olympian medal in athletics when she was one of many world’s three greatest sprinters within the 400m. Throughout these Video games on Spaniard soil, on the opposite aspect, the Colombian soccer aspect certified for the Olympic Event within the Pre-Olympic competitors in Latin America, alongside Paraguay, however they didn’t make the second spherical.
The nation’s prime athletes on the 1996 Atlanta Summer time Olympics had been Carlos Grisales (marathon), Hector Moreno (20-kilometer stroll), and Daniel Reyes (boxing). Colombian-born long-distance runner Grisales positioned eleventh within the males’s marathon, in the meantime his countryman Reyes was semi-finalist in the US.
London 2012 Olympics
Within the twenty first Century, Colombia received its first Olympic gold upon Maria Isabel Urrutia’s win within the Weightlifting championships on the 2000 Sydney Video games. Earlier than competing within the weightlifting competitions on dwelling soil and overseas, Urrutia was acknowledged as probably the greatest among the many handful of shot putters from Latin America within the Eighties and Nineties, having certified for the 1988 Seoul Video games -where she got here in twentieth place within the ladies’s shot put, amongst 25 opponents.
Colombia obtained two bronzes in biking and weightlifting within the Video games of the twenty eighth Olympiad in Greece in 2004, each medals had been received by feminine Olympians. Within the subsequent Video games, within the Individuals’s Republic of China, the South American republic additionally received two medals (silver and bronze) with Diego Fernando Salazar (males’s weighlifting) and Jackeline Renteria ( ladies’s wrestling).
In July 2012, Colombia will ship a robust delegation to London to attend the XXX Olympic Summer time Video games -one of Western Hemisphere’s largest Olympic groups. Colombia’s athletic contingent will compete within the following disciplines: Archery, aquatics, seaside volleyball, boxing, biking, equestrian, fencing, gymnastics, judo, crusing, taking pictures, synchronized swimming, synchronized diving, taekwondo, tennis, track-and-field, ladies’s soccer, weightlifting, and wrestling (freestyle and Greco-Roman).
Practically all of Colombia’s athletes had been medalists within the final Pan American Video games and South American Video games, together with some younger folks with quite a few trophies and medals within the junior championships within the People and Europe. The nation’s Olympic biking squad is among the strongest on the Planet, following its victory within the 2011 Pan American Video games. Its major stars are Hector Paez, Maria Luisa Calle, Marlon Alirio Perez, Juan Arango, Edwin Avila, Arles Castro, Weimar Roldan and Mariana Pujon. Calle received a medal for the nation’s Olympic group on the 2004 Athens Video games.
In track-and-field, Catherine Ibarguen, one of many three triple jumpers to obtain a medal within the IAAF World Championships final yr, might turn into the primary feminine from Colombia to win an Olympian medal in athletics because the early Nineties as Latin America’s star sprinter Ximena Restrepo claimed bronze within the Barcelonese Video games. Within the Olympic weightlifting competitors, Colombia has a powerful likelihood with three Pan American gold medalists— Oscar Figueroa, Mercedes Isabel Perez, and Ubaldina Valoyes. Then again, Doris Patiyo (ladies’s taekwondo), Danilo Cano (males’s taking pictures), and Cristian Mosquera (males’s wrestling) are also prime favorites to succeed in medals in the UK.
London 2012 Olympics: An Olympic Revolution in Colombia, A Phenom
#London #Olympics #Olympic #Revolution #Colombia #Phenom
1966 world cup squad