South Korea – The Olympic Revolution of the New Millennium Nonetheless 2022

south korea the olympic revolution of the new millennium nonetheless 2022
South Korea - The Olympic Revolution of the New Millennium Nonetheless 2022 2

South Korea – The Olympic Revolution of the New Millennium

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I -Eva Peron, Korea and the Olympics
Earlier than Korea turned one of the crucial industrialized nations on your entire Asian continent, Argentina -it is about 26 occasions the scale of SK- was {one of the} world’s six richest international locations. Across the identical time, they had been getting off on the suitable foot within the Olympic Video games.

Argentina -now a football-loving nation- was residence to sixty % of Latin America’s Olympic winners-aquatics, boxing, polo, rowing, track-field. On the 1948 London Video games, they completed thirteenth within the medal standings. In distinction to its neighbours, Argentina had an Olympic champ to cheer in that yr , when Delfo Cabrera received a gold medal. On that event, Korea was actually not fortunate,and completed thirty second within the medal desk. Korea’s first Olympic nationwide workforce was fashioned within the late 40s. However Koreans dare to dream the inconceivable.

On the 1951 Pan American Video games in Buenos Aires, the host nation completed first within the rely medal- the place America was ousted from the primary spot for the primary time in Continental Video games historical past by Argentina.

However Argentina is now historical past. Within the final Olympics, the Latin American nation solely received two golds-soccer & biking. Paradoxically, Argentina-where there are snow-mountains- has by no means received an Olympic medal within the Winter Video games. Then, in April 2009, the Bolivian males’s soccer squad upset workforce Argentina, which was educated by soccer player-turned-coach Diego Armando Maradona, 6-1.

Completely different from Argentina, Japan, Australia and Canada, SK is ranked among the many 5 greatest Olympic groups, together with China, America, Russia and Germany. This excellent workforce is a paradigm on Earth.

Korea expects to ship about 50 champs to the XXI Winter Video games in Vancouver, Canada. The nation’s athletic rulers additionally count on to ship 250 champs to the London 2012 Olympics.

II-A Small Nation With A Massive Ambition
From my perspective I believe that South Korea is essentially the most profitable Olympic nation in historical past. Now SK turned a supply of inspiration for a lot of Olympic international locations world wide. Actually, it’s a position mannequin for small international locations -from Austria to Brunei Darussalam- and multiparty States -e.g. India, Taiwan, Chile, Peru, Argentina.

The Republic of Korea, also called South Korea, is concerning the dimension of Indiana. Greater than 49 million folks stay there-it will not be far off the entire in Ukraine. In contrast to Venezuela-it has had the good thing about excessive oil costs, Peru and Angola, Korea has few pure assets. This nation doesn’t have oil, diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, gasoline, and uranium.

However within the final a long time of the twentieth century, the Korean State launched an industrialization program and increase training. The rulers devoted greater than 20 % of its nationwide price range to the event human-education, tradition, welfare, sports activities. Now SK has {one of the} world’s strongest economies.

III-The Tough Years
Within the Forties and Fifties, SK was a war-torn nation-World Battle II and Korean Battle. Due to this, it turned {one of the} world’s poorest nations. After World Battle II ended 35 years of Japanese domination and Korea gained its independence (1948).

From 1950 to ’53 almost three million Koreans died. Then again, there have been, 500,000 Koreans residing abroad. Within the following a long time Korea was ruled by army warlords. Within the Nineteen Nineties SK turned a democratic nation.

IV- A Nation of Sports activities Lovers
Throughout the Sixties and Seventies, the rule launched many sports activities reforms -a sturdy emphasis on bodily training into instructional system- and did many issues to enhance sporting life within the nation-an official coverage that continued within the Nineteen Nineties and 2000s. In just some years, in addition they promoted the sports activities that weren’t well-known within the nation.

Success got here slowly at first. The variety of Asian awards elevated from round 27 in 1958 to greater than 65 in 1978. From 1964 to ’76, the nation’s champs earned 12 Olympic medals. One other instance, Korea’s boxers, led by Moon Sung-Kil, received many world titles within the Eighties.

In contrast to Cuba -which had a whole lot of coaches from the united states, East Germany, Bulgaria, North Korea and Poland- SK didn’t have overseas coaches. All its Olympic awards had been produced by Korean coaches.

To assist Seoul’s bid to host the 1988 Olympics, the Korean chairmans hosted many worldwide occasions -the 1979 Taking pictures World Championships, the 1982 Baseball World Cup, the 1982 Boxing International Championships and the Korea Cup (volleyball)-and constructed world-class stadiums.

V- The Boycott Towards South Korea
Throughout Chilly Battle, particularly between 1950 and 1985, Korea was an remoted Olympic nation. This Asian nation was thought-about a world pariah by the World Marxist and a number of other anti-American states (Korea turned a UN member in 1991).

The 1979 Seoul FIBA Girls’s World Championships had been boycotted by the Soviet Union and its allies. Three years later, Cuba’s boxers, world & Olympic champions, weren’t allowed to compete within the World Cup by Fidel Castro. That very same yr, Cuba additionally didn’t ship baseball gamers to the World Championships in South Korea.

In 1986 North Korea boycotted the Asian Video games. The Democratic Individuals’ s Republic of Korea refused to ship champs to SK. Subsequently, the XXIV Seoul Summer time Olympic Video games had been boycotted by seven nations-Albania, Cuba, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Nicaragua, North Korea, and Seychelles. Nonetheless, the sports activities officers despatched a number of champs to Moscow, Varna, Havana and Prague.

VI – Seoul Olympic Video games- A Gold Medal for Korea
Throughout the IOC Session in Germany in 1981, Seoul was chosen as host nation for the 1988 Summer time Olympics, and started a brand new period for the nation’s sports activities improvement. Seoul beat Nagoya, Japan’s metropolis. That call brought about shock world wide.

Thirty-eight years in the past, Seoul had been destroyed by Korean Battle, nevertheless it had been rebuilt in document time. Within the ’70s and early ’80s, Seoul was a profitable host to a number of worldwide tournaments.

The IOC awarded Seoul the Olympics by a margin of 15 votes. Kim Un-Yong -one of the world’s greatest Olympic czars- was a key determine behind South Korea’s bid to host the 1988 Summer time Olympics. He was runner-up when Jacques Rogge was elected IOC chairman.

SK, an anti-Marxist state within the twentieth century, didn’t have full diplomatic ties with the World Soviet-which had received the final three Olympics- and the Individuals’s Republic of China-the new Olympic member. Moscow may have boycotted the Video games in South Korea.

Secondly, Korea was not a multiparty-state on the Asian area. In 1980, an illustration organized by the pro-democratic teams became the bloody riot generally known as the “Kwangju Bloodbath”. In 1974 South Korea’s First Woman had been assassinated. A while later, ruler Park Chung Hee was killed by the top of South Korea CIA in Seoul.

On the twenty fourth Summer time Video games, SK received 12 gold medals and was {one of the} 4 greatest sports activities groups on the planet.

The Opening ceremony was spectacular. The subsequent day, the pictures had been seen everywhere in the world and from that second the title Korea was identified all over the place. In the meantime, representatives from 159 international locations attended the Olympics, together with the united states and China.

Seoul’88 was a political-blow to the Communist Motion. The Kremlin despatched 514 champs to the 1988 Video games. That journey had the blessing of the Soviet regime, which had boycotted the Summer time Olympics within the States in 1984. Then, greater than 290 champs -e.g Petra Felke, Heike Drechsler, Kristin Otto- had been despatched by the East German warlords- a landslide victory for the Korean chairmans. However there have been different mates too: The Vietnamese rule allowed champs from Vietnam to attend the Summer time Video games. Actually, sports activities was an vital diplomatic software for Korea.

VII- Democracy & Sports activities
Within the nation’s first multiparty presidential election, in December 1992, Kim Younger Sam -a passionate human-rights advocate-, was elected, and the Asian nation returned to civilian rule. It was a watershed second.

Now South Korea is without doubt one of the most excellent democracies -human improvement and democracy- in Asia and a job mannequin for a number of post-dictatorship states. From then on, Korea has {one of the} world’s most bold instructional projects-many younger folks research greater than 11 hours.

Below the brand new democratic rulers, SK has strengthened its sporting system. Actually they needed to be the centre of excellence in Asia. The Olympic Korean workforce shocked the world when it emerged as a “new world energy” within the twenty first century. Then again, the nation staged profitable 2002 World Cup and 2003 World College Video games.

Within the two-year interval between the 2006 Winter Video games and 2008 Summer time Olympics, Korea received 42 awards (19 golds, 13 silvers, 10 bronzes) and completed 5 within the unofficial workforce standings, behind China, Russia, Germany and the U.S. Korea’s delegation was backed up by President Roh Moo-Hyn. Along with the Olympic and world titles, South Korea has received a number of Asian gold medals. They competed with 45 international locations within the Olympic-type Asian Video games.

Earlier than the 1992 Winter Olympic Video games, Korea had not received any medal. With out the sporting custom of Czechoslovakia and Sweden, Korea has extra Winter Olympic medals than Spain and Japan. For that reason, the federal government lent its assist to a bid for the 2014 Winter Olympics. In Guatemala Metropolis, Pyongchang was solely overwhelmed for the Winter Video games by Sochi (Russia).

VIII- From Archery to Wrestling
For the reason that 2000s Korea is powerhouse in aquatics, archery, athletics, badminton, baseball, basketball, boxing, fencing, discipline hockey, gymnastics, handball, judo, taking pictures, short-track, desk tennis, taekwondo, volleyball, weightlifting, wrestling,and different sports activities.

Archers With Olympic Honours
Korea has produced world-beating archers in recent times. From 1984 to 2008 they’ve received 16 gold medals. The nation’s archers, impressed by Website positioning Hyang-Quickly, received 3 of the 4 occasions on the Sydney Olympic Video games in 2000.

Athletics-Fusion of Previous, Current and Future
Within the first half of the twentieth century, two Koreans, Suh Yun Bok & Ham Kee Yong, received the Boston Marathon. In 2001 Bong-Ju Lee turned the primary non-African to win the Boston Marathon since 1991. The nation’s marathon runner Hwang Younger-Cho – one among Korea’s most well-known champs- claimed a gold medal on the twenty fifth Summer time Olympics in Spain. Hwang is the second sportsman from an Asian nation to win an occasion on this competitors. Korean-born Kijung Son received the Olympic title in 1936. On the Berlin 1936 Video games, he had been pressured to run within the colours of the occupying Japanese forces.

Badminton-Stage of Stars
Since 1985 SK turned {one of the} world’s greatest groups. Lee Yong-Dae and Lee Hyo-Jung defeated Lilyana Natsir and Nova Widianto (Indonesia) within the combined doubles closing on the China Summer time Olympics in 2008. Korea positioned first on the 1996 Olympic Badminton Match within the States-it collected two gold and silver medals.

Baseball- SK vs Cuba
Baseball has come a protracted away in South Korea. Its best yr was 2008, when Korea received the gold on the Beijing Olympic Video games, beating Cuba, former world champion (1984-2005). Eight years in the past, they’d earned a bronze medal in Sydney 2000. When the Video games had been opened in China, the States-2007 world champion- and Cuba had been contending odds-on favorites.
The yr 1982 was very blissful for Korea too. That yr they turned the primary Asian workforce to win a World Cup. The nationwide workforce got here near profitable the International Championships in 2005.

Girls’s Basketball-Asian Celebrity
Surprisingly SK was runner-up on the FIBA Girls’s World Cup in Czechoslovakia within the late Sixties.In 1979, Korea, host nation, positioned second on the International Championships. They brought about an upset within the second spherical of the World Cup by beating the favourite America (94-82). 4 years later, Korea was {one of the} semi-finalist within the Common Championships in Sao Paulo, Brazil-behind the united states, America and the Individuals’s Republic. However they didn’t cease there. The next yr it earned silver on the Summer time Olympic Video games in California, USA. The workforce turned the primary girls’s basket workforce in Asia to win an Olympic award.

Fencing-New Olympic Awards
In 2000 Younger Ho Kim lived as much as popularity as one of the crucial in style Asian fencers by profitable a gold medal on the Summer time Video games. He’s the primary fencer from an Asian nation to win an Olympic title.

Area Hockey- A Main Asian Expertise
Up to now few a long time, the Korean groups have received three Olympic silver medals. Throughout this time period, SK turned the primary Asian feminine workforce to qualify for the Olympic finals. The nationwide males’s workforce received silver on the 2000 Sydney Video games and had been fourth on the 2002 World Championships. In Australia they, spearheaded by Track Seung-Tae, defeated India (2-0), Poland (3-2), and Pakistan (1-0) earlier than dropping to the Netherlands (4-5). Wonderful silver medal!

Girls’s Handball- Two Olympic Golds
This nation is the one profitable Asian workforce on this planet. In 1984 they turned the second Korean gamers in historical past to win a workforce Olympic medal on the Summer time Video games.

In 1988 Korea made historical past when it received the Olympic gold medal with out ever having received a World Cup title. The nationwide workforce, host nation, turned the primary non-European handball workforce to win a world title in historical past. After the profitable the Asian Match in 1990, Korea certified for the 1992 Olympics and received its second Olympic medal in a row.

At its fourth Olympic look, they claimed silver medal on the twenty sixth Olympiad-only Denmark may beat SK. Throughout the 14th Asian Video games in 2002, Korea received each the lads’s and girls’s handball tournaments. This sport was fully unknown within the Sixties.

Judo- A Gold Mine for Medals
From 1981 to 2007, Korea has received a complete of 21 gold medals within the World Championships. On the 1996 Atlanta Video games, the nationwide workforce received seven judo medals (2 golds, 3 silvers, 2 bronzes), behind solely Japan (8 awards). In 1981 Park Chung Hak turned the primary judoka in SK to win a world trophy.

Quick-Monitor Pace Skating-New Olympic document!
SK is the one nation to have 17 Olympic gold medals. On the 2006 Turin Winter Video games, the nationwide workforce dominated the medal desk, with a complete of 10 awards (6 gold, 3 silver and 1 bronze medals).

Taking pictures-Surprises
In Barceolona’92 it earned two Olympic golds, Lee Eun Chol (males’s free rifle) & Yeo Kab Quickly (girls’s air rifle).

Soccer- Cha Bum-Kun, the Legend
In line with Park Pil-Quickly, Director of the Korean Olympic Committee, soccer is the most well-liked sport within the nation. “The most well-liked sport in Korea nowadays is soccer. Whereas baseball used to take the highest spot when it comes to recognition and the variety of spectators up to now, soccer gained many followers after the 2002 FIFA World Cup, which we hosted with Japan. Korea superior to the semifinals, which made us very enthusiastic about this sport”.

Within the early 80s, Korea positioned fourth on the FIFA Junior World Cup and have become the second Asian soccer workforce to qualify for the semi-finals in a world match.

They’ve certified for the FIFA World Cup since 1986. On the 2002 Japan-South Korea, Cha Bum-Kun turned among the best soccer gamers on the planet. Korea has received 5 regional tournaments (two Asian Cups and three continental gold medals). On the 1948 Olympics within the UK, South Korea positioned eighth.

Swimming- The Street to Bejing
Park Tae-Hwan turned the primary swimmer in SK to win a gold medal within the Olympic Video games when he received the lads’s 400m freestyle on the twenty ninth Summer time Olympics in Beijing (China).Park’s first main worldwide success got here on the 2007 FINA World Championships, the place he received a gold medal. The Korean star is the nation’s pre-eminent sporting icon.

Desk Tennis- A Conventional Sport
This sport is without doubt one of the oldest sports activities within the nation.Within the early Seventies, Korea made historical past when it received a gold medal within the International Match. Between 1987 and 1993 it additionally earned 4 world trophies.

Taekwondo-Unbeatable Information
Some well-known taekwondo athletes have born in South Korea: Hwang Kyung-Seon, Kim Kyong-Hun, Lee Solar-Hee, and Moon Dae-Saung.

For a lot of a long time these athletes had been unbeatable on this planet. Korea has received greater than 140 world titles (1975-2007). They’ve additionally dominated the Olympic Taekwondo Match. Since 2000 it has received 9 golds.

Volleyball- A Robust Nationwide Group
This sport is without doubt one of the hottest within the nation. In 1987 the nationwide workforce claimed the FIVB Males’s Junior World Championship within the Persian Gulf, and was the third Korean workforce to win a world title since 1977.

Once they arrived in Manama, Bahrain’s capital, the Korean workforce was not favourite.A while later Korea defeated Brazil, which received the silver medal in 1984, 3-2 (19-17, 15-8, 6-15, 11-15, 15-12), on the Olympic Males’s Volleyball Match. Within the late 70s, Korea was semi-finalist on the World Championships in Italy. Within the qualifying rounds, they defeated Poland, Olympic champion, 3-1 (15-7, 11-15, 16-14, 15-10).

The Korean girls’s nationwide workforce have additionally received many worldwide trophies. Between 1973 and 1977 they earned three world bronze medals.

Weightlifting- A Darkish Horse
In 2006, Jang Mi-Ran, 2004 Olympic silver medalist, broke the world document within the + 75 kg class within the Center East.
Within the early 90s, Chun Byong Kwan, an unknown weightlifter, got here to the Barcelona Video games and received the Olympic trophy.

Wrestling-Heroes of the Video games
Korea’s wrestlers have a protracted custom of profitable awards. Within the mid-60s, Solar Jang Chang earned a gold medal on the World Cup within the States. He turned {one of the} first Koreans to win a world title. Within the final decade of the twentieth century, the nationwide workforce received 9 common awards.

IX – Man Bok Park- A Very good Coach
Regardless of enticing presents from many countries, he remained in Peru. Within the mid-Seventies, Man Bok Park got here to Lima and have become {one of the} world’s greatest coaches.

Led by Park, Peru was runner-up on the 1982 FIVB World Championships and silver medal on the twenty fourth Summer time Olympics. Korea’s Man Bok Park turned the primary coach to guide a Latin American feminine workforce to the Olympic finals in 1988. In 1980 Cuba, Olympic’s favourite, didn’t qualify for the semi-finals on the 1980 Moscow Olympics.

Below the recommendation of Man Bok Park, the Peruvian girls’s volleyball squad defeated Brazil a number of occasions and received greater than six South American Championships. After the Golden Age for Peru, nation’s volleyball workforce had been by no means as profitable once more on the World Championships.

X -Younger Wang Sonh’s Legacy
However Man Bok Park was not alone! On the identical time, the Argentine males’s volleyball squad was educated by Younger Wang Sonh.This South Korean is a pioneer of Argentina’s volleyball.Younger Wang Sonh led the South American workforce to win the bronze medal on the 1982 International Championships.

He has change into essentially the most profitable coach within the historical past of Argentine volleyball.

Right now Argentina is producing an ever-increasing variety of world-class coaches-Julio Velasco (Italy), Jon Uriarte (Argentina & Australia), Carlos Cardona (Puerto Rico), Marcelo R. Mendez (Spain), and Raúl Lozano (Poland).

XI -A Statistical Comparability
SK: 2006 Winter Olympics
Nation……….Gold……Silver…..Bronze…Rating
SK………………..6………..3……….2…………..seventh
Italy………………5…………0………6………….ninth
France………….3…………2……….4…………tenth
China…………..2…………4………5………….14th
Japan…………..1………….0………0………….18th

Asian Video games Medals
Hosts…………Gold……Silver…….Bronze….Whole…Rank
Doha 2008……58………52…………82………192……..2
Busan 2002….96………80………….84………260……..2
Bangkok’98…..65………46…………53……….164………2
Japan’94……..63………56…………64………..183……..3
China’90……..54………54………….73…………181……..2
Korea’86……..93………55………….76…………224……..2
India’82………..28…….28………….37………….93………3
Bangkok ’78…..18…….13………….23………….54………2
Iran’74………….15…….14………..17…………..46………5
Bangkok’70…….18…….13………..23…………..54………2
Bangkok’66…….12…….18…………21…………..51……..,2
Jakarta’62………4………4………….7…………..15……….5
Japan’58………..8………7………..12…………..27………3
Manila’54………..8………6…………5…………..19………3

XII -References
Almanaque Deportivo Mundial 1976, Editorial America, 1977

Almanaque Deportivo Mundial 1977, Editorial America, 1978

El Grafico. “Este Podio Vale una Lagrima y un Grito”, 19 de octubre de 1982

Guevara Onofre, Alejandro. “Historia del Deporte en America Latina”
————————-“El Deporte en el Sur”

Leipziger, Danny & Thomas Vinad. “Las Bases del Exito del Asia Oriental”, Revista Finanzas y Desarrollo, marzo 1994

White, Peter. T. “South Korea: What Subsequent?”, Nationwide Geographic, September 1975

Yun-han Chu, Larry Diamond, Doh Chull Shin. “Halting Progress in Korea and Taiwan”, Journal of Democracy, January 2001

1988 Seoul Official Report Quantity 2, IOC, 1989

2000 Sydney Official Report Quantity 2, IOC, 2001

2006 Torino Olympic Winter Video games Official Outcomes,IOC, 2007

South Korea – The Olympic Revolution of the New Millennium

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